Friday, July 28, 2017

10 Biggest Historical Mysteries That May Never Have Definitive Explanations

There are some historical mysteries that may never be solved. Sometimes, that's because the relevant excavated material has been lost or an archaeological site has been destroyed.

Other times, it's because new evidence is unlikely to come forward or the surviving evidence is too vague to lead scholars to a consensus.

The lack of answers only makes these enigmas more intriguing. Takes a look at 10 of these historical questions that may never have definitive explanations.

1. Who was Jack the Ripper?

Jack the Ripper

In 1888, Jack the Ripper killed at least five women in London, mutilating their bodies. A number of letters, supposedly from the Ripper, were sent to police taunting officers' efforts to find the Ripper.

(Whether any of them were actually written by the Ripper is a matter of debate among scholars.)

The name "Jack the Ripper" comes from these letters.

Needless to say, the Ripper was never found, and over the years, dozens of people have been brought up as possible candidates.

A recent book suggested that a woman named Lizzie Williams was the Ripper, although other Ripper experts cast doubt on it.

It appears unlikely that the true identity of the Ripper will ever be known for sure.

2. Where is Jimmy Hoffa?

Jimmy Hoffa

The teamster union leader known for his involvement in organized crime disappeared in Oakland County, Michigan, on July 30, 1975, and is now presumed to be dead.

The identity of his killer(s) and the location of his body are ongoing mysteries. Police and forensic anthropologists have searched a number of sites in Detroit and Oakland County to no avail.

One popular theory was that Hoffa's body was buried beneath Giants Stadium in New Jersey.

However, this theory has been debunked. The identity of his killer is also unclear.

Before his death in 2006, Richard "The Iceman" Kuklinski, a hit man, claimed to have killed Hoffa and dumped his body in a scrap yard.

An author named Philip Carlo visited Kuklinski in prison before he died and wrote a book on Kuklinski's confessions.

After the book came out a number of police officers cast doubt on the confession in media interviews. As the years go by, it appears increasingly unlikely that Hoffa's remains will ever be found.

3. Where is Cleopatra's tomb?

Cleopatra's tomb

Ancient writers claim that Cleopatra VIIand her lover, Mark Antony, were buried together in a tomb after their deaths in 30 B.C.

The writer Plutarch (A.D. 45-120) wrote that the tomb was located near a temple of Isis, an Egyptian goddess, and was a "lofty and beautiful" monument containing treasures made of gold, silver, emeralds, pearls, ebony and ivory.

The location of the tomb remains a mystery. In 2010, Zahi Hawass, Egypt's former antiquities minister, conducted excavations at a site near Alexandria now called Taposiris Magna, which contains a number of tombs dating to the era when Cleopatra VII ruled Egypt.

While many interesting archaeological discoveries were made, Cleopatra VII's tomb was not among them Hawass reported in a series of news releases.

Archaeologists have noted that even if Cleopatra's tomb does survive to this day, it may be heavily plundered and unidentifiable.

4. Who killed JFK?

Who killed JFK

This is probably the biggest mystery in American history that will never be resolved to everyone's satisfaction.

On Nov. 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was shot in Dallas by Lee Harvey Oswald (although some speculate that he wasn't the only one shooting).

On Nov. 24, 1963, before Oswald could stand trial, Oswald was fatally shot by nightclub owner Jack Ruby. Ruby died of lung cancer on Jan. 3, 1967.

The most widely accepted explanation is that Oswald killed JFK on his own and Ruby killed Oswald, on his own volition.

Ruby's stated motivation was to spare Jacqueline Kennedy "the discomfiture of [Oswald] coming back to trial."

However there are still a significant number of professional historians, along with many amateurs, who do not agree with this explanation and since JFK's death, numerous alternative explanationshave been brought forward by historians and amateurs.

Given that significant new evidence is unlikely to appear, a firm consensus will probably never be reached.

5. Is there a money pit on Oak Island?

Oak Island

For more than two centuries, stories have circulated that Oak Island, located off Nova Scotia, Canada, held a money pit of buried treasure — supposedly left by the pirate Capt. William Kidd(1645-1701).

Over that time, numerous expeditions costing millions of dollars have traveled to the island searching for the lost treasure, to no avail.

Despite centuries of searching no treasure has been found on Oak Island. Nevertheless that doesn't stop people from trying to find it.

A History Channel show called the "Curse of Oak Island" follows a modern-day expedition; the show was just renewed for a fourth season in 2016.

6. Is the Copper Scroll treasure real?

Copper Scroll

Another treasure tale that will probably never be resolved is more ancient. In 1952 a copper scroll was found by archaeologists in a cave, along with other Dead Sea Scrolls, at the site of Qumran.

As its name suggests, the writing was engraved onto a copper scroll. The scroll records a vast amount of hidden gold and silver treasure — so much, in fact, that some scholars believe that it is impossible for it to exist.

The scroll dates back more than 1,900 years to a time when the Roman Empire controlled the Qumran area.

There were a number of revolts against Roman rule at the time the scroll was written, and scientists have hypothesized that the treasure was hidden to prevent its capture by Roman forces.

Whether the treasure is real, where exactly it was hidden, whether it was ever found and whether it could still exist today are all mysteries that will likely never be solved.

7. What's the fate of the Ark of the Covenant?

Ark of the Covenant

In 587 B.C., a Babylonian army, under King Nebuchadnezzar II, conquered Jerusalem, sacking the city and destroying the First Temple, a building used by the Jewish people to worship god.

The First Temple contained the Ark of the Covenant, which carried tablets recording the 10 Commandments.

The fate of the Ark is unclear.

Ancient sources indicate that the ark was either carried back to Babylonor hidden before the city was captured.

It's also possible that the ark was destroyed during the city's sacking. In any event, the ark's location is unknown.

Since the disappearance, a number of stories and legends about the ark's fate have been told.

One story suggests the ark eventually made its way to Ethiopia, where it is kept today.

Another story says the ark was divinely hidden and will not appear until a messiah arrives.

8. Were the Hanging Gardens of Babylon real?

Hanging Gardens of Babylon

Ancient writers describe a fantastic series of gardens constructed at the ancient city of Babylonin modern-day Iraq.

It's not clear when these gardens were built, but some ancient writers were so impressed by the gardens that they called them a "wonder of the world."

Around 250 B.C., Philo of Byzantium wrote that the Hanging Gardens had "plants cultivated at a height above ground level, and the roots of the trees are embedded in an upper terrace rather than in the earth."

So far, archaeologists who have excavated Babylon have been unable to find the remains of a garden that meets this description.

This has left archaeologists with a question: Did the hanging gardens really exist? In ­2013, Stephanie Dalley, a researcher at the University of Oxford, proposed in a book that the gardens were actually located at the Assyrian city of Nineveh.

Over the past two decades, both Babylon and Nineveh have suffered damage from wars and looting, and it seems unlikely that this mystery will ever be fully solved.

9. Is there a City of Atlantis?

City of Atlantis

Writing in the fourth century B.C., the Greek philosopher Plato told a story of a land named Atlantisthat existed in the Atlantic Ocean and supposedly conquered much of Europe and Africa in prehistoric times.

In the story, the prehistoric Athenians strike back against Atlantis in a conflict that ends with Atlantis vanishing beneath the waves.

While no serious scholar believes that this story is literally true, some have speculated that the legend could have been inspired, in part, by real events that happened in Greek history.

One possibility is that the Minoan civilization(as it's now called), which flourished on the island of Crete until about 1400 B.C., could have inspired the story of Atlantis.

Although Crete is in the Mediterranean, and not the Atlantic, Minoan settlements suffered considerable damageduring the eruption of Thera, a volcano in Greece.

Additionally, archaeologists found that the Minoans were eventually overcome (or forced to join with) a group of people called the Mycenaeans, who were based on mainland Greece.

It's unlikely that this debate will ever be fully settled.

What was Jesus really like?

Jesus

The earliest surviving gospels date to the second century, almost 100 years after the life of Jesus (although recently, it was announced that a possible first-century fragmenthad been found).

The lack of surviving first-century texts about Jesus leave biblical scholars with a number of questions.

When were the gospels written? How many of the stories actually took place? What was Jesus like in real life?

Archaeological investigations of Nazareth, Jesus' hometown, reveal more about the environment where he grew up.

More recently, scientists discovered a first-century housethat, centuries after Jesus' time, was venerated as being the house that Jesus grew up in, but whether it was actually Jesus' house is unknown.

Although new research will provide more insight, scholars think it's unlikely they will ever fully know what Jesus was really like.

source: livescience

Monday, August 1, 2016

10 Hackers Who Wrote the History

In our hit-list, we are presenting the 10 most famous people, which can be described as a hacker. They entered either in computer or telephone systems and used these systems according to their own wishes, due to their knowledge and technical skills.

The top 10 Hackers of the world Who Wrote the History:

1. Konrad Zuse


It all started with Konrad Zuse, the very first computer hacker. He might not be in the literal sense, but no hacker could make a difference without his work at all.

Zuse Z3 has developed the first programmable computer in the world. He actually began with the Z1, which he constructed in the living room of his parents and completed in 1938.

The Z3 was completed in 1941. Often regarded as inventor of modern computer.

2. John “Captain Crunch” Draper


John Draper started hacking computers before they really went up the hill. He implemented the programming language Forth and the first word processor for Apple computers, called “Easy Writer”.

In the 1970s, Draper worked with hacking techniques and was a pioneer of circumvention of technical barriers.

He made ​​the phone – phreaking using the well known Blue Box, so one could make free calls to analog telephones.

At that time the system was controlled by analog tone sequences, with which one could also initiate free long distance or international calls. This hack technique was called “phreaking”.

One of the most important tools for phone hacking is a Pennywhistle from the cereal box of Cap’n Crunch.

Draper developed the Blue Box, a device with which one could produce numerous control sounds of telephone companies.

3. Steve Wozniak


Wozniak is a contemporary of John Draper and knew phreaking as well. After Draper published on a computer club meeting the details of his Blue Box, Wozniak built his own version.

Steve Jobs recognized the market potential of the device and the two Steves started their first company. From the sale of Wozniak HP calculators they gained enough revenue to build the Apple I.

4. Robert Tappan Morris


A graduate student at Cornell University, Robert Morris developed the first computer worm. According to his own statements, he wanted to capture the size of the Internet.

After he set the software on November 2, 1988 free, he infected 6,000 computers -which were then about 10 percent of Internet-connected computers.

Due to a programming error, the worm multiplied excessively and made sure that many computers were overloaded. 1989, Morris was the first to be convicted under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986.

5. Mark “PhiberOptik” Abene


Most computers experts probably know Mark Abene,. He had the phone company AT &T. As a member of the hacker group Masters of Deception Abene played often around at the AT & T systems.

Through his hacking skills, he crashed the AT& T system and 60,000 customers remained without a phone for about 9 hours, Abene was quickly identified as the culprit.

The Secret Service confiscated his equipment. AT & T had to later admit that the crash was due to an error. Nevertheless, Abene was convicted and landed for a year in jail.He was the first hacker who was detained.

6. Kevin “Dark Dante” Poulsen


Poulsen led by one of the coolest hacks of all time. All the radio lines of L.A radio station KIIS-FM. This radio station promised the 102nd caller of the program would win a Porsche 944 S2.

Poulsen took over all telephone lines and the transmitter and thus ensured that his call was the right one. The telephone line went out later on during the broadcast.

Later, he went into hiding and was wanted by the FBI. He even landed in the American so called unsolved “File number XY … unsolved.” . 1991 Poulsen was under arrest and numerous offenses against him pleaded guilty.

Later he made a 180-degree turn and worked for the elucidation of many computer crimes.

7. Kevin Mitnick


Kevin Mitnick is probably the most famous hacker in the world. He managed to be the first to get on the FBI’s list of most wanted people in the world. He broke into the systems of Nokia and Motorola.

He hacked the punch card ticketing system of Los Angeles bus system through which he could travel in any bus throughout the state.

Through a phone number given by his friend he hacked DEC (Digital Equipment Corporation) main software.

In 1979, at the age of 16, he hacked a computer for the first time and copied proprietary software. After two and a half years, he was arrested and spent five years in prison. He now runs his own security company.

8. Tsutomu Shimomura


Not all hackers are “evil”. Tsutomu Shimomura made sure that Kevin Mitnick was convicted. He helped and collaborated with FBI to get the famous hacker Mitnick arrested.

In 1994 Mitnick stole some personal files of Shimomura and published them online. Shimomura managed to trace it back to Mitnick. Some authors consider his involvement in Mitnick case/arrest as dubious.

9. Richard Stallman


Stallman was a student and programmer at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab. He was already open source and retaliated at MIT against the restriction of computer use in the laboratory. In the university a password-protected computer system was established for students.

He decrypted the passwords and sent to the users in plain text, and proposed to give up the password to again in the future to enable anonymous access.

Later Stallman developed the GPL General Public License and the GNU operating system, a completely free Unix system.

10. Linus Torvalds


Linus Torvalds began his hacking career on an old Commodore VIC-20 and the Sinclair QL, which he greatly improved. On the QL, he programmed his own Text Editor and even a Pac-Man clone named Cool Man.

In 1991, he got hold of an Intel 80386 PC and started working on Linux, which he first published under its own license, but later, under the GNU GPL.

He was the principal force behind the development of Linux Kernel.

Source

Wednesday, June 1, 2016

10 Fascinating Deathbed Confessions

When death is inevitable some people decide it is a good time to confess to things that have burdened them during their lifetime.

Perhaps it is in order to leave the world with a clear conscience or maybe to benefit the living ones they leave behind.

This list contains 10 deathbed confessions and the stories behind them of people who, for whatever reason, decided to reveal their darkest secrets.

10. Naomi Shemer
1930-2004


Confessed to: using a Basque lullaby melody for her song Jerusalem of Gold

Naomi Shemer is one of Israel’s best loved songwriters. The song Jerusalem of Gold was first performed in 1967 at an Israeli song festival shortly before the Arab-Israeli war and describes the Jewish people’s 2000-year longing to return to Jerusalem.

It continues to serve as an unofficial Israeli anthem and is often played at national ceremonies. Shemer spent many years denying claims that she plagiarized a lullaby song and turned it into Jerusalem of Gold.

Then in 2004 after years of angry denials she made her confession to another composer Gil Aldema just days before dying of cancer writing to him, “I consider the entire affair a regrettable work accident – so regrettable that it may be the reason for me taking ill,” she also wrote that she heard a well-known Basque lullaby which “went in one ear and out the other” and the song must have crept into her unwittingly. Aldema said that Shemer had agreed for her secret to be revealed after her death.

Interesting Fact: In 2005 the lullaby Pello Joxepe became known worldwide when it was published that Jerusalem of Gold was based on its melody.

The Spanish singer Paco Ibáñez who performed the song in Israel in 1962 where Shemer first heard it was asked how he felt when he heard Naomi Shemer based most of the melody on the lullaby.

He replied by saying he was honored that she chose to use his melody to use for Jerusalem of Gold. You can listen to the song here performed by Ofra Haza at an Israel concert in 1998.

9. Naaman Diller
1935- 2004


Confessed to: the legendary clock collection heist

In 1983, the costliest theft in Israel’s history saw 106 timepieces worth millions of dollars disappear from a Jerusalem museum.

Included in the timepieces was a pocket watch made for Marie Antoinette which is valued at more than £19m ($30 million).

The case remained unsolved for almost 25 years until 2006 when a Tel Aviv watchmaker told police that he had paid some $40,000 to an anonymous person to buy 40 items including Marie Antoinette’s pocket watch (pictured above).

Forensic experts examined the clocks and detectives questioned the lawyer who negotiated the sale. The trail led to an Israeli woman in Los Angeles named Nili Shamrat who police identified as the widow of Naaman Diller who was a notorious criminal in the 1960s and 1970s.

When Israeli police and US officials arrived at her home to question her they found more stolen clocks.

Shamrat then told the police that her husband who she had recently married confessed to her just before he died that he had committed the heist. He then advised his wife to try and sell his collection after his death.

Interesting Fact: The Marie Antoinette watch was actually self winding and was ordered in 1783 by one of her admirers and was to be made by the famous Swiss watchmakers Abraham Louis Breguet.

The order specified that gold should be used wherever possible instead of other metals and to make it the most spectacular watch possible.

The watch was finally finished in 1827, 34 years after Marie-Antoinette was guillotined and four years after Breguet’s death.

8. Christian Spurling
1901-1994


Confessed to: faking the famous Loch Ness Monster photo

In 1934 a doctor named Robert Kenneth Wilson offered a picture to the Daily Mail newspaper. Wilson told the newspaper he noticed something moving in Loch Ness and stopped his car to take the photo.

Wilson refused to have his name associated with it so the photo became known simply as “The Surgeon’s Photo.” For decades this photo was considered to be the best evidence of the existence of the Loch Ness Monster.

In 1994 at the age of 93 and near death Christian Spurling confessed that the surgeon’s photo taken 60 years ago was a hoax and the mastermind behind it was his Stepfather Marmaduke Wetherell.

In the early 1930s, sightings of the Loch Ness Monster became commonplace, so Spurling’s stepfather who was a big game hunter was hired by the Daily Mail newspaper to investigate.

Wetherell found some huge tracks leading to the lake that he proudly displayed to the press. When the Natural History Museum investigated they quickly discovered that the footprints were a hoax.

Wetherell was humiliated when the newspaper reported this and for being fooled by the prank. For revenge he asked his stepson Chris Spurling who was a professional model-maker to make something that would fool the public.

Spurling started with a toy submarine and then added a long neck and small head. The finished product was about 45 cm long, and about 30 cm high. Wetherell then went down to the lake and took some pictures of the “monster”.

To add respectability to the hoax he convinced Dr. Wilson whom he knew through a mutual friend to develop the photo and sell it to the Daily Mail.

Interesting Fact: This deathbed confession is often mistakenly attributed to Roger Patterson of big foot fame.

(The Paterson Film) Paterson died of cancer in 1972 and in this case swore on his death bed that the footage was authentic and he had encountered and filmed a large bipedal animal unknown to science.

7. Geraldine Kelly
1950-2004


Confessed to: the murder of her husband John Kelly

In 1991, after years of domestic violence, Geraldine Kelly shot and killed her husband and stored his body in a freezer at their home in Ventura, California.

She told her young children that their father died in a car accident. Seven years later when she decided to move back home to Somerville Massachusetts she had the moving company move the freezer with the body inside and drive it across the country to a local storage facility in Somerville.

In 2004, 13 years after the murder Kelly was gravely ill with breast cancer and confessed to her daughter that she had killed her father claiming he abused her for years and then told her where to find his body.

Authorities investigated and found human remains in a locked, unplugged freezer in the storage room. The body was mummified but identified as John Kelly based on distinctive tattoos he was known to have including a panther, a Kewpie doll and a skull. The cause of death was a gunshot to the back of the head.

Interesting Fact: The District Attorney of Somerville said it wasn’t clear if Kelly wanted to unburden herself or if she wanted her children to know so if they found the body they wouldn’t be blamed for it.

6. Tor Hepso
1938-2005


Confessed to: the murder of Torunn Finstad and Sigrid Heggheim

In 1978, Fritz Moen (pictured center above) was 36 when he was arrested for raping and killing 20-year-old Torunn Finstad in Trondheim, Norway.

There was no physical or forensic evidence linking Moen to the crime and no witnesses saw him with Finstad.

Moen was deaf with a severe speech impediment and an interpreter was needed for him to communicate effectively.

Moen was found guilty of the murder and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment. Several years later police claimed that Moen had confessed to the 1976 murder of 20-year-old Sigrid Heggheim.

During the seven interrogations his confession came during the one time in which he did not have the benefit an interpreter.

He was found guilty of this murder as well and sentenced to an additional 5 years in prison. In 1996 after spending 18 years in prison he was released and placed under preventative supervision.

During the next several years Moen’s attorneys tried desperately to clear his name. In 2004 he was acquitted for the murder of Sigrid Heggheim finding that reasonable doubt should have acquitted him in the first place.

Then in December 2005 a convicted felon Tor Hepso confessed at a hospital one day before he died to three nurses and later to the police that he had murdered two women and mentioned the names Heggheim and Finstad.

After Hepso’s deathbed confession was thoroughly investigated Moen was finally exonerated of the murder.

Unfortunately Fritz Moen died of natural causes earlier that year in March and was not alive when he was declared completely innocent of the both crimes.

Interesting Fact: This case was publicly criticized as one of Norway’s most shameful miscarriages of justice.

There is even talk of erecting a bust or statue of Moen in front of the Norwegian Ministry of Justice as a symbol of the responsibilities of the criminal justice system.

5. Henry Alexander
1929-1992


Confessed to: the murder of Willie Edwards

I think most would agree that this confession was too little too late and another example of a miscarriage of justice. In 1957 the body of a 25 year old black man Willie Edwards was washed up on the shores of the Alabama River.

Although there was much suspicion surrounding his death officials stated that decomposition made it impossible to determine the cause of death. In 1976, an aggressive attorney re-opened the Edwards case and four Klansmen were arrested including Henry Alexander.

One of the men gave a sworn affidavit (in exchange for immunity). In the statement the man described how he and three other men beat and forced Willie Edwards to jump off the Tyler-Goodwin Bridge because he said something offensive to a white woman.

Even with one of the men’s sworn testimony, Alabama Judge Frank Embry dismissed the charges because no cause of death was ever established.

He concluded that “merely forcing a person to jump from a bridge does not naturally and probably lead to the death of such person.” In 1992, Henry Alexander now 63 was near death from lung cancer and decided to confess to his wife.

He told her he had things bothering him and said Willie Edwards would not have died if he had not falsely identified him as the one who had offended the white woman.

He then said he and the other Klansmen gave Mr. Edwards a choice to run or jump and didn’t think he would jump. He said. “If he’d a run, they would never have shot him.”

Interesting Fact: After her husband’s confession Mrs. Alexander wrote a letter of apology to Mr. Edwards’s widow.

In the letter she writes “I hope maybe one day I can meet you to tell you face to face how sorry I am. May God bless you and your family and I pray that this letter helps you somehow.”

4. James Brewer
1951-


Confessed to: Killing his Neighbor Jimmy Carroll

In 1977 James Brewer was arrested in Tennessee on suspicion of killing his neighbor in a fit of jealous rage. Brewer jumped bail and fled to Oklahoma where he and his wife began a new life together under the names Michael and Dorothy Anderson.

They became active members of the local church where his wife established a Bible study group. They also have a married daughter and are grandparents.

In 2009, Brewer had a serious stroke and before dying he felt compelled to confess to the crime that had weighed on his conscience for over 3 decades. His wife then called the Police Department to the hospital saying her husband wanted to confess to a murder.

Brewer confessed to his crime with the help of his wife who had to translate due to the effects of the stroke. The only problem with this deathbed confession is that fortunately or unfortunately for Mr. Brewer he didn’t die.

When Brewer was released from the hospital he surrendered to Tennessee authorities and appeared in court with the same lawyer he had almost 32 years earlier when he jumped bail. The picture above shows Mr. & Mrs. Brewer after their arrest.

Interesting Fact: The Pastor of the church where Mrs. Brewer set up a Bible study group, said: “I don’t know what their former life was but I do know they were both dedicated to the Lord. They’ve been in their own prison for 30 years. I think they’ve done their time.”

3. Margaret Gibson
1894-1964


Confessed to: the Murder of William Desmond Taylor

William Desmond Taylor was an actor and a top US film director of silent films in the early days of Hollywood.

When Taylor was shot to death in 1922 it became one of Hollywood’s most famous scandals and mysteries.

In 1964, 42 years after the murder a reclusive old woman living in the Hollywood hill was suffering from a heart attack and summoned her neighbor.

With her recent conversion to Catholicism she asked for a priest to confess but when no Priest was available she began to make her confession to her neighbor.

As she was dying on her kitchen floor she said she was a silent film actress by the name of Margaret Gibson and that she shot and killed a man named William Desmond Taylor.

She is alleged to have been involved romantically with Taylor but a motive as to why she killed him was never mentioned. Taylor’s murder remains officially unsolved however the one thing that stands out is that Gibson had absolutely nothing to gain by her confession.

Another revealing fact that should be mentioned is the neighbor that witnessed Gibson’s confession said his mother (who was a friend of Gibson’s) later said that when they were watching a TV piece on the Taylor murder she became hysterical and blurted out that she’d killed him.

Interesting Fact: In the 1950 film Sunset Boulevard, the name Norma Desmond is a reference to both Taylor’s middle name and one of his actress friends Mabel Normand.

You can watch a silent movie called “The Kiss” Starring William Desmond Taylor and Margaret Gibson here.

2. Diane Crawford
1949-2009


Confessed to: the murders of Constance Smootz Hevener and Carolyn Hevener Perry

In 1967, 20-year-old Carolyn Hevener Perry and 19-year-old Constance Smootz Hevener were shot to death while working at an ice cream store in Staunton Virginia.

Each had been shot once in the head at closing time and about $138 was stolen from the store. Over the years police worked the case but with no luck.

Then in November 2008, police were led to Diane Crawford by new information revealed by a witness.

When police went to question Crawford she was at the end-stages of heart failure and suffered from chronic kidney disease and decided to confess in detail to the murders that she committed over 40 years ago.

On the night of the shooting, Crawford who was 19 at the time said she went to the store where she worked part time to tell the women she could not work the next day and ended up in a shoving match with them.

Crawford then took out a .25 caliber pistol and shot the two women because they had made fun of her for being a lesbian.

Perry was the first to be shot at near-point-blank range and when Hevener rushed to her aid Crawford shot her also from just a couple of inches away.

She then took money from the store as she fled which led the police to think it was a robbery. Crawford died in January 2009, 2 months after confessing to the murders.

The photo above shows Crawford in her 1966 high school year book picture and in her police mug shot.

Interesting Fact: Diane Crawford moved away after the killings for 20 years, got married and had two daughters.

She then returned to Staunton without her husband and moved in with a woman and lived with her new partner until her death.

1. Julian Altman
1916-1985


Confessed to: stealing a Stradivarius violin from Bronis Huberman

I put this at the number one spot not because of the severity of the crime but for the overall story surrounding this deathbed confession.

In 1936 Polish virtuoso Hall Huberman was performing at Carnegie Hall and decided to switch the Stradivarius he was playing in the first half of his performance to his newly acquired Guarnerius violin.

After the intermission the Stradivarius was stolen out of his dressing room by 20 year old Julian Altman who was a New York nightclub musician.

Altman went on to become a violinist with the National Symphony Orchestra in Washington, D.C. and performed for Presidents and politicians with the stolen Stradivarius for many years.

In 1985, 49 years after the theft, Julian Altman who was in prison for child molestation and gravely ill confessed to his wife that he had stolen the violin.

He then instructed his wife where to find the Stradivarius at the couple’s home. Along with the Stradivarius she found newspaper clippings recounting the theft.

It wasn’t until 1987 (2 years later) that his wife returned the Stradivarius to Lloyds of London in exchange for a $263,000 finder’s fee.

Interesting Fact: This violin is now called the Gibson ex-Huberman Stradivarius named after its two previous owners; George Alfred Gibson and Hall Huberman (No love for Altman I guess).

It is now owned by violinist Joshua Bell who is pictured above playing the famous violin which he paid close to 4 million dollars for.

[Source]

Monday, April 4, 2016

10 Of The Most Spooky Castles In The World

These are not the most beautiful castles on the outside, some even in sad disrepair, but on the inside there is supposedly paranormal activity and the darkness bumps back at night.

Whether you wish to support your obsession with ghosts and ghouls or just for thrills and chills, here is a tour of 10 of the creepiest, most ghost-infested and haunted castles in the world as well as a video after each for you to draw your own conclusion about the proof of the haunted castles.

Chillingham Castle
England


Chillingham Castle in England is most famous for its ghosts and is marketed as the most haunted castle in Britian.

The “star” ghost of castle is the “blue boy” who is sometimes also called the radiant boy. Legend has it that he haunts the Pink Room.

Guests of the Pink Room have reported seeing blue flashes of light or a blue halo of light above their bed after a long loud wailing.

The hauntings decreased or perhaps ceased after renovation work revealed two bodies, a man and a young boy who were both bricked inside a 10-foot thick wall.

The owners however claim the hauntings continue, so ghost hunters and paranormal investigators still come to investigate the mysteries of Chillingham Castle.

Dalhousie Castle
Bonnyrigg, Edinburgh, Scotland


More than 800 years old, teenage Lady Catherine of Dalhousie was once deeply in love. Her parents however forbid her to see her young man.

She then locked herself in the top room of the castle and starved herself to death. Legend has it that her lovelorn ghost roams the castle still to this day. Dalhousie Castle is now a renowned hotel.

Edinburgh Castle


The Scottish fortress built high upon a plug of an extinct volcano dates back to the 9th century. Edinburgh Castle has been there since the 12th century.

Although it appears impregnable, in 800 years, the castle has taken part in numerous historic conflicts and wars, having been besieged both successfully and unsuccessfully many times.

Deep in the bowels of Edinburgh Castle, dark and damp dungeons lie hidden away that had been used for imprisonment and torture over the centuries.

Additionally there was construction of the vaults in the fifteenth century, but now that underground labyrinth of tunnels with 120 rooms are in an area known as Crown Square.

At one point in history, the vaults were used to quarantine and eventually entomb victims of the plague.

Archaeological evidence points back to the Iron Age, so Castle Rock and Edinburgh may very well be the longest continually occupied site in Scotland.

Dragsholm Castle


Dragsholm Castle in Denmark was built in the late 12th century. Today it is a renowned hotel. Legend has it that three of these spirits continue to demand attention: Grey Lady, White Lady and the Earl of Bothwell.

Perhaps the most tragic of all, the White Lady, was a young girl who fell in love with a commoner who worked in the castle.

The girl’s father found out about the lovers and ordered his daughter imprisoned in her room, never to be seen alive again.

During the early part of the 20th century, workers were tearing down some old walls.

Predjama Castle


A castle built within a cave. In Slovenia, Predjama Castle is known to date back to at least 1274. In the 15th century, a renowned robber baron fled the revenge of the Holy Roman Emperor and settled his family in this castle fortress.

There ensued a long siege in which the castle was destroyed. It was rebuilt in 1511 before being destroyed by an earthquake.

The castle was once again rebuilt in 1567 and has a secret natural shaft that leads out of the castle for supplies as well as when the robber baron needed a quick in and out for his robberies.

Witches Castle


Moosham Castle in Unternberg, Austria, has a terrible and accursed past. It was in this castle where Austria’s bloodiest witch trials took place.

Untold thousands of young women who were accused of being witches were tormented and killed in torture chambers in the dungeon. Moosham Castle is now better known as Witches Castle.

Belcourt Castle


Construction began on Belcourt Castle located in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1891. The entire first floor was an extravagant stable as was requested by the owner.

But in 1956, the Tinney Family bought Belcourt Castle. Harold Tinney adored his castle. He is said to roam the grounds and haunt his castle even in his afterlife.

The castle is currently for sale and you can make it your own for a cool $ 7.2 million.

Newcastle Castle Keep & The Black Gate


About AD 12, the Romans constructed a fort in this location which later became a cemetery. Hundreds of the dead in the graveyard were supposedly moved when in around 1172, this stone castle was built upon that very same land.

It’s now Newcastle upon Tyne, England. There is about 75 feet separating the Castle Keep and the Blackgate gatehouse.

Leap Castle
Ireland’s Most Haunted


More than 400 years ago, in 1532, brother turned against brother to shed blood. One was a warrior who rushed into the chapel and used his sword to slay the priest who was his brother.

The priest fell across the altar and died. The chapel is known as Bloody Chapel since that time. The dungeon in the castle is called an oubliette.

Prisoners pushed into the oubliette fell eight feet onto spikes coming up from the floor.

Castle Bran
Dracula’s Castle


Dracula’s Playground can be found in a creepy and remote corner of the Carpathian Mountains in Romania. Bran Castle sits high upon craggy peaks within Transylvania, bringing vampires to mind.

But there is no historic proof that Vlad the Impaler resided in Dracula’s Castle during his reign of terror. Dracula impaled thousands at a time, sometimes making their agonizing torture go on for months until death would claim his victims.

Tourists are welcomed to find out. The little chapel, or grotto, in the bottom right adds an extra creepy element.

As requested in Queen Marie’s will, after her death, her heart was placed in a gold casket and buried in Balcic, later moved to this grotto by Bran Castle.

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Monday, October 26, 2015

10 Craziest Tattoos Ever!

Tattoos have been a part of human cultures for ages, growing from a tribal tradition into a contemporary art form.

Most people strive to come up with unique tattoos that artistically express an idea or image that they identify with – indeed, there are many beautiful tattoos out there and artists that have worked hard to make tattoo art a mainstream, accepted genre.

Every now and then, however, you’ll come across a tattoo so crazy that it makes you think “What the hell were they thinking?!” as you stare in disbelief and wonder how someone could choose to ink themselves with such a crazy or ridiculous tattoo.

Here are the top 10 craziest tattoos of all time:

Dolphin’s Rostrum


Lots of tattoos utilize parts of the body and incorporate them into a design as part of their concept. This cringe-worthy dolphin tattoo incorporates what seems like this guy’s stump of an arm as the dolphin’s rostrum (beak). This tattoo, as disturbing as it is, at least gets its wearer points for its use of an otherwise pointless stump. However, in terms of visual appeal, this tattoo represents a new level of animal cruelty.

Fully-tattooed Body


Neither this hardcore woman nor her fully-tattooed body are young anymore. It probably took her years to cover her body (no need to show any more, grandma!) in what looks like a very intricate floral design. While perhaps beautiful, this “gesamstkunstwerk” of tattoo art is very shocking in terms of the time, money and pain involved. Important to note: this is probably the first pair of fully tattoo-covered granny boobs you’ve ever seen. And – hopefully – the last.

Woman’s Cranial Tattoo


Here’s our tattoo-loving granny again, in a close up. What’s most messed-up about this woman’s cranial tattoo is not that it covers her entire shaven head, but that it depicts a colorful floral design that features ejaculating penises instead of flowers! What exotic species of vine is this? Way to keep it classy, grandma!

Tongue Tattoo


Didn’t know that you could tattoo your tongue? Well, you can. Why you would is still a mystery, though. Let’s hope that the pain of sticking your tongue out for hours on end and having it punctured by a needle was worth the peek-a-boo surprise factor of this crazy tattoo.

Gaping Hole in Head Tattoo


Cranial tattoos seem to be gaining in popularity these days, usually curving around the ear. This ridiculously ugly one, however, seems to depict its wearer’s brains inside a bloody, gaping hole in his head. What it actually depicts is the fact that he has no brains.

Cat Man Tattoo


This unbelievable tattoo teaches us all a very important lesson: what looks very cool as a Halloween costume should always be permanently tattooed on your face.

Getting a new tattoo? Miami Ink’s tattoo guide will give you tons of ideas for unique, popular tats that won’t make you cringe.

Goblin Tattoo


Clearly, this guy had three distinct goals in mind when he decided to tattoo his face like a goblin, to scare small children, to avoid being hired for any kind of gainful employment and to never have sex, ever again.

Woman’s Public Area Tattoo


This portrait of an anime-style baby with claws/stumps for hands would be disturbing even if it wasn’t tattooed on this woman’s public area – where it takes on even creepier connotations. The baby’s genitals are cleverly “hidden” by the same underwear that the woman herself wears. Just imagine: taking a girl home from a club and discovering this piece of pubic art in bed. Yikes!

The Lizard Man


Aside from the tattooing of reptilian scales on his entire body, Erik Sprague – AKA “The Lizard Man” – in his mission to transform himself into a lizard has performed body modifications including teeth-shaving, sub-dermal silicone transplants and tongue bifurcation surgery. Yeesh! If there is any redeeming quality to this disturbing story, it’s that Mr. Sprague at least makes a living form his weird appearance, as a carnival freak.

Tattoo Allsorts


This guy’s head is a shocking example of what can be called a “tattoo allsorts” combining portraiture, tribal tattoo and various other styles into one hardcore cranial scrapbook of ink.

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